What is a hate crime?
According to the U.S. Department of Justice, a hate crime is a “crime of violence, property damage, or threat that is motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s bias based on race, religion, ethnicity, national origin, gender, physical or mental disability, or sexual orientation.”
Within the State of Michigan, a person is guilty of ethnic intimidation if that person maliciously threatens or physically contacts a person with intent to intimidate, harass or damage the property of that person because of that person’s race, color, religion, gender or national origin.
The University of Michigan also recognizes additional categories of potential bias, such as sex, gender identity or expression and age.
What are some examples of hate crimes?
What is a bias-related incident?
What are some examples of bias-related incidents?
How can I report a hate crime or bias-related incident?
If it is an emergency, dial 911 to be connected to the Division of Public Safety and Security (on campus) or Ann Arbor Police Department (off campus). If you believe you have experienced a hate crime, you may report it directly to the Division of Public Safety and Security (on-campus) at 734-763-1131 or the Ann Arbor Police Department (off-campus) by at 734-994-2911. Even if you report it to DPSS or AAPD, we would appreciate a report to the University’s bias incident reporting system for follow up and statistical purposes.
If you are not sure you have experienced a hate crime and would like to discuss the incident, please call 734-615-BIAS (2427). Faculty and staff who call the number during normal business hours will be connected to the Office of Institutional Equity. Students who call the number during normal business hours will be connected to the Dean of Students Office. Staff from these offices will offer support and begin to discuss next steps with callers. Those who call the phone line after normal business hours should leave a message and a staff member will get back with them on the next business day.
The University is committed to providing a number of safe spaces where community members may confidentially report bias-related incidents. Offices where you may report such incidents.
Why are bias-related incidents of concern?
How will the University respond when it learns of ethnic intimidation or bias-related incidents?
The University is committed to act responsibly when it learns of incidents motivated by hate or bias. Such occurrences, if they constitute a criminal act such as assault or property damage, should be reported to the police and will be fully investigated. Other acts of intolerance may violate University policies or community standards. In those instances, we will pursue a range of remedies that may include disciplinary action as well as community education and dialogue.
When you report a bias incident, appropriate University staff will help you determine the possible next steps, explain the relevant processes, and offer counseling and support or refer you to other offices that may provide support.
How often do ethnic intimidation and bias-related incidents occur at U-M?
What are the U-M policies that address hate crimes and bias-related incidents?
What types of personal characteristics are protected from discrimination in the University’s official policies?
What is the difference between discrimination and bias-related incidents?
Unlawful discrimination refers to specific conduct prohibited by law that unfairly treats people differently because of their characteristic or perceived characteristics that the law deems to be unrelated to merit. An example of unlawful discrimination would be to deny membership into a group because a person is Muslim.
Bias is a preconceived negative opinion or attitude about a group of people who possess common physical characteristic or cultural experiences. An example of a bias incident, would be writing racist or homophobic graffiti on the door of a student’s room.
Unlawful discrimination often results from bias. Bias-related incidents, however, do not always result in unfair treatment that violates nondiscrimination laws.